Create a New Document Using Office Web Apps

September 30, 2011

A few days ago I moved one of my personal domains to Office 365. One of the things I noticed is that you can create new documents without the need of a client application, everything is done by the Office Web Apps.

Create documents
Create documents

This is only possible from the Home page of Office 365. When you create a new document from within the document library itself, you still need the client application to be installed to create the document.

When I got back to the homepage of Office 365 I saw that it used the following url:

http://www.yourdomain.com/TeamSite/_layouts/CreateNewDocument.aspx?id=http://www.yourdomain.com/TeamSite/template.docx&SaveLocation=http://www.yourdomain.com /TeamSite/Documents&Source=http://www.yourdomain.com/TeamSite/Documents/Forms/AllItems.aspx&DefaultItemOpen=1

This URL can also be used on a SharePoint on-premises environment with Office Web Apps installed.

SharePoint on-premises with Office Web Apps
SharePoint on-premises with Office Web Apps

The CreateNewDocument page can be used to create Word, PowerPoint and OneNote documents. If you want to create Excel documents you need to use the following URL:

http://www.yourdomain.com/TeamSite/_layouts/xlviewer.aspx?new=1&SaveLocation=http://www.yourdomain.com/TeamSite/Documents&Source=http://www.yourdomain.com/TeamSite/Documents/Forms/AllItems.aspx&DefaultItemOpen=1

As you can see it makes use of another page called xlviewer.aspx.

URL Anatomy

CreateNewDocument

http://www.yourdomain.com/TeamSite/_layouts/CreateNewDocument.aspx

Querystrings

  • ID: URL to the document template that is associated with the content type;
  • SaveLocation: the location to the document library where the document needs to be saved;
  • Source: the URL to the default view of the document library;
  • DefaultItemOpen: is set to 1.

xlviewer

http://www.yourdomain.com/TeamSite/_layouts/xlviewer.aspx

Querystrings

  • New: set to 1;
  • SaveLocation: the location to the document library where the document needs to be saved;
  • Source: the URL to the default view of the document library;
  • DefaultItemOpen: is set to 1.

What can you do with it?

You could add a HTML markup to your page with links to the documents templates, so you can create documents without the need of a client application. Like in Office 365.

Create documents
Create documents

Another approach could be to create a web part and check the available document libraries and document templates.

Web Part showing documents from the Documents library
Web Part showing documents from the Documents library
Web Part showing documents from the Facturen library
Web Part showing documents from the Facturen library

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